Chemical engineering encyclopedia

Every substance, whether naturally occurring or artificially…. The process engineer assists as well with a plant startup. Computer , device for processing, storing, and displaying information. In addition to these key areas, chemical engineers are actively developing advanced materials used in the communications and space industries, food and beverage industries, and modern electronics. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

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Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. For more information on the encyclopedia and other materials produced by our laboratory and distributed by CACHE, please visit http: Introduction History Chemical enginerring functions Branches of chemical engineering. A research chemical engineer also collaborates with chemists in research laboratories. Keep Exploring Britannica Anthropology.

Manufacture of chemicals in the midth century consisted of modest craft operations. Water at a controlled temp Terms and Concepts Chemical engnieering. This leads the user from a brief description of how the equipment works to more in-depth details of its operation; examples of industries in which the equipment is used; comparisons with other types of equipment; and resources for more information.

In addition, a good deal of time is devoted to working with other departments, such as purchasing raw materialsutilities powermaintenance repairsmarketing production scheduleand research and engineerint engineering new and improved processes.

Pictured below is a vertical reactor that can be configured to operate in semi-batch mode The remaining solution is poured down the sink. In this case, R1 is a solid and would be put in a storage silo; R2 is a corrosive liquid, combustible and sensitive to water, so would need a closed tank of resistant material.

Chemical engineering - New World Encyclopedia

The chemical industry proper manufactures inorganic and organic industrial chemicals, ceramics, fuels and petrochemicals, agrochemicals fertilizers, insecticides, engineerinngplastics and elastomersoleochemicals, explosives, fragrances and flavors, additives, chemiacl supplements, and pharmaceuticals. Plastics, polymers, and synthetic fibres involve chemical-reaction engineering problems in their manufacture, with fluid flow and heat transfer considerations dominating their fabrication.

The notion of a processing plant encompassing a number of operations, such as mixing, evaporation, and filtration, and of these operations being essentially similar, whatever the product, led to the concept of unit operations.

They make invaluable contributions to an improved quality of life by producing pharmaceutical products to cure diseases, fertilizers and pesticides to help feed a growing population, fabrics to clothe us, and petroleum products to warm our houses and move our cars. On a small scale, heating is accomplished using a hot plate or similar equipment, whereas on a large scale, heat exchangers are commonly used. Chemical engineers study the various mathematical models of mixing in order to design the most efficient mixing device.

Home Menu Videos Contributors License. The laws of physical chemistry and physics govern the practicability and efficiency of chemical engineering operations. Engineefing our editors with your feedback. Batch reactors are perhaps the simplest reactors used in chemical processes. The pharmaceuticals industry presents chemical engineering problems, the solutions of which have been essential to the availability of modern drugs.

This requires special equipment such as pumps and valves and a knowledge of the fundamentals of transport phenomena and, in particular, fluid dynamics. Due to recent online encyclopeda of this software, the production of the CD version has been discontinued.

Chemical engineers are now engaged in the development and production of a diverse range of products, as well as in commodity and specialty chemicals.

Today, the field of chemical engineering is a diverse one, covering areas from biotechnology and nanotechnology to mineral processing. American Institute for Chemical Engineers.

Visual Encyclopedia of Chemical Engineering Equipment

Additionally, chemical engineering engineerin often intertwined with biology and biomedical engineering.

Solvents other than water are generally recycled by distillationbut water is also re-used and recycled as far as economically feasible.

Also, the ability to work with mechanical, civil, and electrical engineers is very important. The academic training of chemical engineers provides a strong background for a variety of areas, including: The material is allowed to cool down and crystals of enngineering are formed, which may be filtered off, and perhaps recrystallized. The first section of encyyclopedia article focuses on modern digital electronic computers and their design, constituent parts, and applications.

It will probably be modified to operate continuously, particularly if large amounts of the product are required.

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